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EU REFERENCE LABORATORY – ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE

MONITORING REPORTS

As WHO Collaborating Centre and EU Reference Laboratory, we have experienced that it can be difficult to locate national surveillance and zoonosis reports on the Internet. Therefore, to facilitate an easy pathway of dissemination of the data, we here provide links to a number of reports. Supplemental infomation may be sent to the webmaster.
  
Directive 2003/99/EC states that Member States (MS) shall collect relevant and comparable data in order to identify and characterise hazards, to assess exposures and to characterise risks related to zoononoses and zoonotic agents. Additionally, MS shall ensure that monitoring provides comparable data on the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic agents and, in so far as they present a threat to public health, other agents.

A manual for reporting on zoonoses, zoonotic agents, antimicrobial resistance and food-borne outbreaks is available from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) (Report of the Task Force on Zoonoses Data Collection - Manual for Reporting on Zoonoses, Zoonotic Agents, Antimicrobial Resistance and Food-borne Outbreaks in the framework of Directive 2003/99/EC and on some other pathogenic microbiological agents for information derived from the reporting year 2006, The EFSA Journal (2007), 100, 1-86 (see http://www.efsa.europa.eu/))
 
Links to zoonoses reports can be found here
 
Below you find links to monitoring reports of some of the Member States and other countries/regions.


 
 
Link to the Informe anual de la Red Latinoamericana de Vigilancia de la Resistencia a los Antibióticos - 2010 covering Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, United States of America, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Dominican Republic, Venezuela (full report in Spanish)
 
 
Link to the Australian surveillance for antimicrobial resistance in bacteria from livestock: here
 
 
BulSTAR is a national network of 20 public laboratories, 82 hospital-, and 63 private laboratories, covering practically the whole population. Results are made available to the public on the Internet site of BAM (www.bam-bg.net) (Bulgarian).
 
 
Link to Canadian monitoring reports: CIPARS
 
See also the data presented by the Canadian Antimicrobial Resistance Alliance, and the FoodNet Canada
 
 
Link to the Danish monitoring reports: http://www.danmap.org/
 
See also the animated presentation King Harold and how the Bugs Lost Their Bite
 
 
Link to information on the Finnish monitoring programme: FINRES-Vet
 
 
Link to French monitoring reports: FARM and RESAPATH
 
 
Link to the Dutch monitoring reports: MARAN

 
Link to the Norwegian monitoring reports: Norm Norm-Vet Report
 
 
Link to Russian monitoring information: here
 
 
Link to the Spanish antimicrobial resistance surveillance network: VAV reports
 
 

Link to the Swedish monitoring reports: SVARM reports

 

Switzerland

The first joint report of Switzerland including data from human and veterinary medicine: Usage of Antibiotics and Occurrence of Antibiotic Resistance in Bacteria from Humans and Animals in Switzerland, Joint Report 2013

 
 
Link to the Thai monitoring information: NARST
 
 
The annual report on antimicrobial resistance in Veterinary Bacteria - the VLA Antimicrobial Sensitivity Report:
 Annual report on antimicrobial resistance in Veterinary Bacteria - the VLA Antimicrobial Sensitivity Report 2003
 
The joint medical and veterinary report:
 Overview of antimicrobial usage and bacterial resistance in selected human and animal pathogens in the UK: 2004
 
  
  
Link to the NARMS monitoring reports